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Aims: This study was conducted to investigate the influence of different egg storage methods on egg characteristics and embryonic development of Guinea fowl (Numedia meleagris) eggs.
Study Design: A Complete randomized design (CRD) was used for the experiment.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the Poultry Unit of the Department of Animal Science Education, University of Education, Winneba, Mampong campus.
Methodology: A total of one hundred and eighty (180) hatching eggs were used for the experiment. The various experimental coops were labelled in accordance with their experimental treatment as paper crates (T1), vegetable oil (T2) and saw-dust (T3). Each treatment (T) had three replications (20 eggs per replicate), which gave a total of nine replications. Data collected were analyzed using General Linear Model (GLM) procedure of SAS.
Results: Results showed that egg storage methods had significant (P < .05) effect on egg weight after storage, egg weight loss and embryonic development. The highest (P < .05) egg weight after storage was observed among eggs stored with vegetable oil and lower among eggs stored on paper crates. Eggs treated with vegetable oil produced very excellent (P < .05) results with lower weight loss while eggs stored with paper crates recorded the highest weight loss. Embryonic development was significantly (P< .05) higher among eggs treated with vegetable oil followed by saw-dust with paper crates being the least. Albumen weight and yolk weight was significantly (P < .05) higher among eggs treated with vegetable oil. Similar (P < .05) albumen weight was observed for both saw-dust and paper crates. The least yolk weight was observed among eggs stored on paper crates.
Conclusion: In conclusion, coating table eggs with vegetable oil could be effectively used to preserve egg quality and improve embryonic development.
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